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Can Bayram
Can Bayram
Associate Professor
(217) 300-0978
3264 Micro and Nanotechnology Lab

For more information


  • Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Northwestern University, IL, USA, 2011


Prof. Bayram is an expert in III-V materials & photonic and electronic devices. He has personally performed more than 3,000+ epitaxial growths with metalorganic chemical vapor deposition systems and fabricated detectors, light emitting diodes, solar cells, resonant tunneling diodes, and transistors in class 100 and 1000 cleanrooms totaling 20,000+ hrs equipment usage. His current research interests lie in the intersection of novel III-V materials, hetero-structures, and photonic and electronic quantum devices. Particularly, his research group explores novel materials, devices, and their 3D hetero-integration on unconventional platforms such as graphene, silicon, and diamond; investigates heat transport across/through semiconductors; efficiency droop mechanisms and remedies in AlInGaN emitters; and ultra-fast THz photonics/electronics.


  • Impact of transitional metals on (In)GaN quantum wells. Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 192106 (2020).
  • Impact of dislocations on GaN thermal conductivity. J. Appl. Phys. 126, 185103 (2019).
  • Cubic III-nitride semiconductor properties. Sci. Rep. 9, 6583 (2019). ACS Omega 5, 3917 (2020). Comp. Mater. Sci. (IN PRESS – 2021)
  • Cubic GaN synthesis, i.e. invention of U-groove aspect ratio silicon patterning for phase-transition III-nitride material synthesis. Adv. Funct. Mater. 24 (28) 4492 (2014). Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 042103 (2016). ACS Photonics 5 (3), 955 (2018).
  • Passive cooling of GaN devices via thickness optimization. Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 151904 (2016).
  • GaN on graphene, i.e. first 3D compound semiconductor direct epitaxy integration on a 2D one. Nat. Comm. 5, 4836 (2014).
  • Resonant tunneling in GaN RTDs, i.e. first reliable and reproducible negative differential resistance via defect reduction, elimination of polarization-fields, and reduction of Al-content. Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042103 ; 97, 092104 ; 97, 181109 (2010).
  • Hybrid green LED, i.e. first ZnO atop InGaN-based high spectral quality green LEDs. Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081111 (2008).

Teaching Statement

The 21st century is the age of semiconductors. In all aspects of modern life, we utilize semiconductor technologies. From lighting to communication and computing to transportation, we rely on semiconductors for comfort, safety, and sustainability. Today, we are switching to solid-state lighting for halving our lighting electricity usage, 5G communication for networked devices, and autonomous systems for land/sea/air transportation. Our reliance on semiconductors is only to evolve as solid-state lighting extends into horticulture and medicine, new communication spectra above 95 gigahertz open opportunities for 6G and beyond networking, and space exploration leads to space settlements. Thus, it is imperative to understand, control, and exploit semiconductor technologies and to create an innovative education platform considering the needs of not only the current but also of the next generation.

Other Undergraduate Advising Activities

  • "Application of Controlled Spalling to Thin-film Lithium Niobate Transducers" (Senior Thesis, Dec. 2018, Dennis Rich).
  • "Thin-film GaN HEMTs For Flexible Electronics" (Senior Thesis, May 2017, Joshua Perozek)
  • "Simulation of Zinc-blende Gallium Nitride High Electron Mobility Transistors For Normally-off Operation" (Senior Thesis, May 2017, Ryan Grady).
  • "Optimization of Off-State Breakdown Voltage in GaN High Electron Mobility Transistors" (Senior Thesis, May 2016, Begum Kasap).
  • "Normally-off GaN Transistors" (Senior Thesis, May 2016, Philip Tsai).

Research Statement

The fundamental particle of optics, a photon, is unique as it rarely interacts with other fundamental particles. If a photon hardly interacts with another photon or an electron/hole, how can we create photons of interest efficiently? The answer is through man-made semiconductor materials. I research electron/hole and photon interactions in semiconductors and use the emergent understanding to design novel semiconductors and semiconductor devices. Particularly, I engineer semiconductor quantum structures with unique electronic band properties for high-speed transport and energy states for ultraviolet, visible, and terahertz optical transitions.

Post-Doctoral Research Opportunities

Our group might have an opening for a postdoctoral researcher who has HANDS-ON experience in the micro/nano-FABRICATION of compound semiconductor devices (including light emitting diodes and transistors based on GALLIUM NITRIDE devices) in a cleanroom environment. Postdoctoral candidates are encouraged to contact Prof. Can Bayram directly via email (and should attach their CV and the contact information for at least two references) to inquire about any position/project openings.

Graduate Research Opportunities

Our group is inviting undergraduate and graduate students to apply for PhD thesis openings in the areas of (a) Novel III-V materials and hetero-structures, and (b) Photonic and electronic quantum devices. Incoming and/or interested graduates are encouraged to browse our group webpage and contact Prof. Can Bayram directly via email (and should attach their CV and unofficial UG/GRAD transcripts) to inquire about any position/project openings.

Undergraduate Research Opportunities

Our group is inviting highly motivated undergraduates, currently enrolled at our University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, to join our research team. Particularly, students who wish to have experience in semiconductor devices and who are passionate about creating next generation photonic and micro/nano-electronic devices are welcomed. Historically, students who joined our research team as early as in their freshman/sophomore years authored journal papers by the end of their senior years. Please contact Prof. Can Bayram directly via email (and attach your CV and unofficial transcript showing your courses) to inquire about our any position/project openings.

Research Interests

  • Efficiency droop mechanisms and remedies in AlInGaN emitters
  • Ultra-fast THz photonics/electronics
  • Heat transport across/through semiconductors
  • III-V materials and novel devices, and their hetero-integration on unconventional platforms such as graphene, silicon and diamond

Research Areas

  • Efficient energy management and conversion for lighting, communications, information technology, transportation, and appliances
  • Electromagnetics and Optics
  • Energy storage conversion, management, and control
  • Gallium nitride power semiconductors
  • Microcavity lasers and nanophotonics
  • Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)
  • Microelectronic and photonic device modeling
  • Microelectronics and Photonics
  • Microwave devices and circuits
  • Microwave integrated circuits
  • Millimeter wave integrated circuits
  • Nano-electronics and single electronics
  • Nano-materials
  • Nano-photonics
  • Nanotechnology
  • Photonic crystals
  • Photonic integrated circuits (PICs)
  • Power and Energy Systems
  • Quantum nanostructures for electronics and photonics
  • Semiconductor electronic devices
  • Semiconductor lasers and photonic devices
  • Semiconductor materials
  • Sensors

Research Topics

  • Beyond CMOS
  • Charge particle physics and engineering
  • Electronics, Plasmonics, and Photonics
  • Energy
  • Micro & nanoelectromechanical M/NEMS integrated systems
  • Photonics: optical engineering and systems
  • Quantum optics, cryptography, information, and computing
  • RF and microwave engineering
  • Semiconductor devices and manufacturing
  • Solar and renewable technology

Selected Articles in Journals

Invited Lectures


Magazine Articles

Journal Editorships

  • Associate Editor, IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine, 2019 - onwards
  • Editor, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 2019 - onwards
  • Editorial Board Member, Journal of Physics: Photonics, 2019 - onwards

Professional Societies

  • Technical Committee Chair, 01/01/2020 to 12/31/2021, IEEE EDS Optoelectronic Devices
  • Member 2008-present Materials Research Society (MRS)
  • Senior Member 2013-present SPIE Society (member since 2006)
  • Senior Member 2016-present IEEE Society (member since 2005)
  • Senior Member 2016-present IEEE Photonics Society (member since 2007)
  • Senior Member 2016-present IEEE Electron Devices Society (member since 2009)
  • Senior Member 2018-present Optical Society of America (OSA) (member since 2005)

Teaching Honors

  • Faculty Advisor, Best Student Poster Honorable Mention, DOE Lighting R&D Workshop (2021)
  • Faculty Advisor, Graduate Finalist, Lemelson-MIT Student Prize (2020)
  • List of Teachers Ranked as Excellent by Their Students, ECE 498/443, Spring (2018)
  • Faculty Advisor, Best Student Paper Award, International Conference on Compound Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology (CS MANTECH) (2017)
  • Collins Scholar (2015)

Research Honors

  • FRONT COVER - "Band Alignments of Ternary Wurtzite and Zincblende III-Nitrides Investigated by Hybrid Density Functional Theory" - in the ACS Omega journal (2020)
  • National Inventors Hall of Fame Collegiate Inventors Competition Finalist (Team: Cubic LEDs, Graduate Student: Mr. Richard Liu, Advisor: Prof. Can Bayram) (2019)
  • Invitation to the China-America Frontiers of Engineering Symposium (CAFOE), hosted by Qualcomm and organized by the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE) (2019)
  • International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) Young Scientist Prize in Optics (2018)
  • IEEE Nanotechnology Council Early Career Award (2018)
  • Dean's Award for Excellence in Research for Assistant Professor (2018)
  • Turkish American Scientists & Scholars Association Young Scholar Award (2018)
  • OSA Society Senior Membership (2018)
  • NSF CAREER Award (2017)
  • Compound Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology (CS MANTECH) Best Student Paper Award (Mr. Richard Liu) (2017)
  • AFOSR Young Investigator Award (2016)
  • IEEE Society Senior Membership (2016)
  • IEEE Electron Devices Society Early Career Award (2014)
  • FRONTISPIECE COVER - "Cubic Phase GaN on Nano-grooved Si (100) via Maskless Selective Area Epitaxy" - in the Advanced Functional Materials journal (2014)
  • SPIE Society Senior Membership (2013)
  • IBM Invention Achievement Awards (2013, 2013, 2014)
  • INSIDE COVER - "Ultra-Light High-Efficiency Flexible InGaP/(In)GaAs Tandem Solar Cells on Plastic" - in the Advanced Energy Materials journal (2013)
  • Best Paper Award at Infrared Optoelectronics Materials and Devices Conference, MIOMD-XI (2012)
  • IBM Ph.D. Fellowship (2010)
  • Link Foundation Energy Fellowship (2010)
  • IEEE Electron Devices Society PhD Fellowship (2010)
  • Boeing Engineering Student of the Year (2009)
  • IEEE Photonics Society Graduate Student Fellowship (2009)
  • SPIE Laser Technology, Engineering and Applications Scholarship (2009)
  • Ludo Frevel Crystallography Scholarship (2009)
  • Dow Sustainability Innovation Award (2008)
  • IEEE Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control Society Travel Award (2005)

Public Service Honors

  • SPIE Community Champion (2019)
  • Docent (Associate Professor) title in Electrical Engineering from the Turkish Council of Higher Education (2014)

Courses Taught

  • BIOE 497 - Individual Study
  • ECE 110 - Introduction to Electronics
  • ECE 340 - Semiconductor Electronics
  • ECE 443 - LEDs and Solar Cells
  • ECE 498 - LEDs and Solar Cells